Most people experience swollen feet and ankles in their lives. Most of the time, this condition is not serious and will resolve it quickly, but sometimes it can be a sign of a health problem that requires medical attention.
To find out what causes swollen feet and ankles, and what to do about it, keep reading!
(Image by Erthopod.com)
Injuries to the foot can lead to swelling, which is usually localized. A swollen ankle or foot that develops immediately after an injury is usually caused by bleeding into the joint. The ankle and foot feels tight and may be accompanied with bruising.
There are a number of medical conditions that can cause swollen feet and ankles, including heart failure and hypertensive heart disease. This type of foot swelling tends to get worse during the day.
Gout can also cause swelling in the feet. This happens when high levels of uric acid cause crystals to form in joints such as the big toe. This leads to inflammation of the joint leaving it swollen, red, hot and painful. It can be treated with anti-inflammatory medications and prescriptions.
Swelling from arthritis tends to be sporadic, coming and going at different times. It is usually caused by active inflammatory synovitis (inflammation of the membrane that lines the joint) and is associated with rheumatoid arthritis.
Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) usually happens after the leg has been immobile for a number of hours, like when people sit on airplanes for long flights. It usually causes pain and swelling in the calf as well as redness and warmth. If you suspect you may have DVT, then seek medical attention ASAP at the closest ER.
Pregnancy commonly causes swollen feet and ankles because of the excess weight gain. An expanding uterus can place pressure on the blood vessels for the legs, and pregnancy hormones cause the body to retain fluids. Severe swelling of feet in pregnancy can be a sign of pre-eclampsia and you need to seek help at an ER.
Some medications can cause fluid-retention as a side effect leading to swollen feet and ankles. Obesity, prolonged standing or walking for long periods can lead to swollen feet and ankles.
If you have foot pain, do not let it go untreated or it could very well get worse. Get your foot looked at today so that tomorrow is pain-free.
Please call 626-447-2184 (Arcadia) or 818-408-2800 (San Fernando) to speak make an appointment with Dr. Alireza Khosroabadi about your foot and/or ankle needs.