The most common foot complaints during pregnancy are ingrown toenails, callouses, cracked heels and general foot pain.
What can you do for foot pain caused by pregnancy?
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During pregnancy, women experience an increase of the hormone relaxin to help with birth.
However, an unintended side effect is increased laxity in the ligaments of the feet, which can cause flattening of the arch of the foot, also commonly known as flat feet.
There may also be increased weight on the metatarsal bones (toes) of the feet, causing pain along the top of the foot and the balls of the feet.
Ligamentous laxity can also affect the pelvis, which in turn affects the walking pattern of a pregnant woman. This can cause a different weight loading pattern through the feet, which can lead to pain.
Most women experience fluid retention in their feet and ankles towards the end of their pregnancy, which causes shoes to be too tight. This can also lead to ingrown toenails, corns and callouses. Increased weight gain during pregnancy also contributes to foot discomfort.
Wearing the right shoes (plenty of foot room and good support) can help you avoid foot problems during pregnancy.
The shoe should be adjustable according to foot width, which can change each day per fluid retention.
Very flat shoes and high-heeled shoes should be avoided.
Shoes should be cushioned to compensate for the weight gain associated with pregnancy.
Athletic footwear is a good choice for pregnant women, especially if most of the day is spent walking or standing. Shoes may also need to be purchased at a slightly larger size to accommodate foot changes.
To minimize fluid retention, legs should be elevated at the end of the day. Pregnant women should also have regular breaks during the day to sit down and prop their feet up.
Foot orthotics can help your feet during pregnancy by improving foot function during walking and redistributing weight away from pressure areas.
If a woman still has foot pain after delivering a baby, then she may have some other foot problems that need to be treated by an experienced foot and ankle doctor.
If you have foot pain, do not let it go untreated or it could very well get worse. Get your foot looked at today so that tomorrow is pain-free.
Please call 626-447-2184 (Arcadia) or 818-408-2800 (San Fernando) to speak make an appointment with Dr. Alireza Khosroabadi about your foot and/or ankle needs.