While ankle sprains are the most common ankle/foot injury, a heel bruise can be very painful.
The heel bone, also known as the calcaneus, is the largest bone in the foot and the primary weight bearing bone.
A heel bruise can happen because of a sudden injury or from repetitive impact on the foot. What should you do if you have a heel bruise? Keep reading!
(image by HeelandArchPainClinic.com.au)
During physical activity. your weight goes form your heel to small bones in your foot and then finally to the metatarsals (bones in the toes).
People who repetitively land from jumping may be at risk for heel bruises. This would include folks who take part in such as indoor volleyball, basketball, beach volleyball, and long distance running.
A heel bruise may result in pain during walking or weight bearing, swelling in and around the heel, and tenderness of the heel to pressure.
Injury to the heel might also result in displacement of the heel pad (fatty tissue that surrounds the heel), resulting in a flat spot under the heel bone compared to the uninjured foot.
If you continue to work out or play on a bruised heel, the injury may develop into chronic inflammation, which is a much more debilitating injury.
A complete fracture of the heel bone takes a big amount of force, the kind one would get from sky diving during the landing.
Normally, you would not be able to walk and would have immediate swelling and pain if your heel bone were fractured.
Because shoes with poor shock absorption can place you at risk for heel injuries, you should pick shoes that have lots of cushion and are designed for a lot of running, jumping, and changes of direction.
Some people believe that the soft surface of the sand may prevent injuries to the foot, but a run on some uneven sand (or any smooth or rough surface) may be the opposite.
Sudden heel bruises can be easily treated using the R.I.C.E., which stands for Rest, Icing, Compression, Elevation. Ice can be applied either through an ice bag or through cold water immersion (ice bucket).
If you have foot pain, do not let it go untreated or it could very well get worse. Get your foot looked at today so that tomorrow is pain-free.
Please call 626-447-2184 (Arcadia) or 818-408-2800 (San Fernando) to speak make an appointment with a foot and ankle doctor about your foot and/or ankle needs.