Running may seem like a simple activity, but actually involves movement that puts a lot of stress on the 33 joints, 26 bones, and over 100 ligaments in your foot.
Choosing the right shoe is an important step in decreasing foot injury risk.
Which shoes should you pick? Keep reading!
(Image by HookIt.com)
You should select running shoes based on your foot type. This should dictate the amount of cushioning, stability and control you need.
The best way to find out what type of foot you have is to visit a specialty running shop, which can measure your arch type, stride and gait.
Running shoe design is based on pronation, which is when the weight of your step hits your heel first and then rolls toward your big toe before pushing off. Good pronation helps your feet absorb weight and shock.
Overpronators run with excessive ankle rolling. While standing, severe overpronators have ankles that angle inward. They often have flat feet or bowed legs. Overpronation can cause injuries in the knees, ankles and Achilles tendons.
If you overpronate, you should select a shoe with extra stability and motion-control. Motion-control shoes are firm and straight, and do not curve at the tip. This prevents the foot from rolling too far inward during while you run or walk.
The reverse, underpronation,, is less common than overpronation. Underpronators have inflexible feet and high arches. When they land, their feet are unable to roll inward normally.
However, underpronation prevents any kind of shock absorption, which can result in fractures, ligament tears and muscle strains. Under-pronators need shoes that have increased cushioning and flexibility.
Do not buy shoes with the expectation that they will stretch to accommodate the size of your feet. Look for shoes that fit correctly right away. If the shoes you purchase are too large and are slipping in the area of the heel while you walk, do not purchase them. Make sure that the widest portion of your foot, the ball, fits comfortably in the shoe.
Finding a properly fitting shoe is the single most important factor you can do to help prevent injury and maintain the best foot health.
If you have foot pain, do not let it go untreated or it could very well get worse. Get your foot looked at today so that tomorrow is pain-free.
Please call 626-447-2184 (Arcadia) or 818-408-2800 (San Fernando) to speak make an appointment with Dr. Alireza Khosroabadi about your foot and/or ankle needs.